An electrochemical biosensor is described consisting of a thin-layer gold film electrode prepared by cathodic sputtering using a poly(vinyl chloride) sheet as substrate, with voltammetric behaviour comparable to that of conventional polycrystalline gold electrodes, coated with the hydrolysed copolymer hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate onto which glucose oxidase was immobilized. The mechanical properties of the plastic foil substrate permit easy construction of circular-shaped electrodes which were employed as working electrodes for batch injection analysis. The electrochemical biosensor fabrication is inexpensive and can be used as disposable enzyme sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide. The biosensor was tested for the determination of glucose in serum and a good correlation was obtained with the measurement using the electrochemical and the spectrophotometric methods.
Year of publication: 1999