A simple and nearly-closed cycle process for recycling copper with high purity from end life printed circuit boards(Article)

Separation and Purification Technology

Journal Article

The large amount of Cu present in printed circuit boards (PCBs) residues, usually about ten times more than the Cu amount present in rich-content minerals, makes these residues an attractive secondary source of Cu. Thus, the main aim of this work was to develop a simple and nearly-closed two-step process to recover Cu from PCBs residues with high purity. Firstly, a multi-element leaching solution, containing 78% of the total amount of Cu present in the residue together with other metals, was obtained using acidic (HNO3 2 mol/L for 210′ at 50 °C) conditions. In a second step, a bispicolylamine resin was used to recover Cu with high selectivity from the multi-element (59.0% Cu) leaching solution and a final Cu solution with high purity (99.0%) was obtained after eluting, with H2SO4 4 mol/L, the Cu retained in the column. Additionally, the amount of Al (85%) leached from the residue, present in the raffinate, was totally recovered as a solid of Al(OH)3. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

I.F.F. Neto

C.A. Sousa

M.S.C.A. Brito

H.M.V.M. Soares


Year of publication: 2016


ISSN: 13835866


DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2016.03.007

Alternative Titles