Long-term application of the organic and inorganic pesticides in vineyards: Environmental record of past use(Article)

Applied Geochemistry

Journal Article

Areas such as Douro Demarcated Region (Portugal), where vineyards are frequently located on steep slopes of narrow valleys, can be particularly sensitive to runoff and erosion processes. These particular conditions are expected to enhance the transport of pollutants, acting as a potential source of contamination to freshwater systems. The intense vine cultivation in this region includes decades of pesticides application, that have resulted in the accumulation of these chemicals and its degradation products in the vineyards soils and sediments. Residues of several pesticides related to agricultural activities were found in soils, with older vineyards showing higher levels of Cu and banned insecticides (such as DDT). The metabolite 4,4-DDE was the compound found at higher levels in soils and in sediments. The relatively high levels in more recent sediments suggest that soils are still a source of contamination. Levels of currently used pesticides were low, which is related with their physicochemical properties, the application period, and climacteric conditions. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

C. Patinha

N. Durães

A.C. Dias

P. Pato

R. Fonseca

A. Janeiro

F. Barriga

A.P. Reis

E. Ferreira da Silva

A. Cachada

Publication

Year of publication: 2018

Identifiers

ISSN: 08832927

Locators

DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.05.014

Alternative Titles